Strategies for teaching fiction: how can your students benefit?

It’s no secret that children should be reading independently outside of the curriculum. Reading strengthens literacy, exposes students to crucial academic vocabulary, and provides valuable information about the world. Studies have even shown a positive link between enjoyment of reading and scoring well on reading assessments.

So why fiction? Reading a variety of fiction and non-fiction texts is important, and it’s crucial to encourage your students to pursue their own diverse interests. One thing’s for certain though: both at home and in the classroom, fiction has become the most prominent genre for young readers. Here’s how you can help learners make the most of fiction

Fiction is a great escape

It can be difficult to get the ball rolling with extra-curricular reading habits, especially for reticent readers. However, if you’ve ever lost yourself in a book, you know good fiction can do the work for you. The mystery, wonder, and excitement of a story will draw your readers into a world of imagination, turning reading time into a privilege instead of a chore.

Keep the pressure off – students are more likely to enjoy their escape into fiction if they don’t think of it as a trial or assignment.

Try designating a weekly class trip to the school library where each of your students can choose a book. Or consider a rifle through the shelves at your local charity shop to get students a book or two of their own. The National Literacy trust has found that students who own books read more frequently and are more likely to enjoy it.

Narrative is a framework for understanding the world

The narrative arc of fiction is a framework for understanding the wider world. Reading fiction texts gives young people a template for recognising cause and effect, and more broadly, change over time – events, political movements, historical trajectories, environmental processes; the list goes on.

Directly teaching the narrative arc early on will show dividends across the curriculum. You can start with a simple plot diagram:


Ask your students to plot out the action of their favourite books or films, work together to identify the climax of a short story read together in class, or set a creative writing task asking pupils to plan their own narrative arcs.

For a home-learning solution, see BBC Bitesize for an online lesson on narrative arcs in fiction.

Students learn to put themselves in others’ shoes

It has been proven that reading literary fiction gives us the ability to better recognise and understand other people’s emotions. Dennis Carter describes fiction at the primary level as “a vehicle for developing understanding and wisdom about the human condition”. Students can see the cruelty of the Magisterium through the eyes of an indignant Lyra, feel the poignant loneliness of Anne of Green Gables, or sense Sophie’s fear as she hides inside a Snozzcumber from a deadly giant – all practice for empathising with the experiences of others.

Present your class with an option of texts to read at home. Ask students to read a chapter every week, and group them up for classroom discussions about their chosen text. These literature circles allow students to share and compare their reactions to a text, encouraging them to think about what they’re reading.

Fiction sparks imagination

The endless possibilities of fictional worlds nurture your students’ creativity, working wonders for their problem solving. In fact, evidence suggests reading fiction improves the brain’s ability to keep an open mind as we learn new information: students who read stories will develop better critical thinking skills than those exposed to solely factual texts.

Make time for play: especially at the primary level, students need play to scaffold their understanding of the world around them. Consider costumes or role-playing based on favourite fictional characters, or enactments of scenes from a text read together in class.

Reading scaffolds other subjects

Choosing fiction texts that complement the curriculum encourages students to engage with their studies. Science fiction can represent complex processes in a simple and digestible way – reading Jurassic Park teaches students about DNA, for example. A fictional representation of the life of Anne Boleyn gives a memorable representation of historical events.

Each term, curate a list of books related to the topics you plan to study in class, and ask your students to debate, present, or write a response to one of these texts. In the case of less-credible science fiction, you could even ask them to re-write passages themselves to correct inaccurate information.

The imaginative landscape of a fictional text encourages your students to pick up a book and read, providing a fundamental framework for developing understanding of the world around them. But the benefits of fiction to literacy, creativity, empathy and critical thinking need to be paired with other reading, especially non-fiction.

Find out how Bedrock Vocabulary teaches academic vocabulary through human-narrated original fiction and non-fiction prose such as A Dangerous Race, The Tale of Narcissus & Echo, and The Legend of Sun Wukong and start your trial today.

Teaching the effects of literary devices and techniques? Find out more about how Bedrock’s GCSE English Terms & Analysis scaffolds GCSE-level analysis of over 200 literary excerpts and start your trial

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